Based on your past medical history, physical exam and current symptoms your doctor is recommending bunion surgery. The goal of this surgery is to help relieve foot pain. This may be done by simply removing the bunion or by combining the removal with a procedure that straightens the big toe.
A bunion is one of the most common problems of the big toe, more commonly affecting women. In addition to causing pain, a bunion changes the shape of your foot, making it harder to find shoes that fit. As the bunion deformity gets worse, it can cause many other foot problems, such as hammertoes and painful calluses on the bottom of the foot. Because the big toe is so critical to movement, any problem with it can make walking or even standing painful.
Your surgeon has probably already performed x-rays of your feet. These x-rays allow your doctor to evaluate your joints and the angle between your big toe and the bone leading to it. Based on the degree of deformity and/or the arthritis in this joint, your doctor has recommended an osteotomy to help correct your bunion deformity.
An osteotomy simply means a cut through the bone. This allows your bone to be redirected to a more acceptable position. Several different types of osteotomies can be done depending of the severity of your deformity and your doctor's preference. Your doctor will be able to explain the specific osteotomy procedure that will treat your particular bunion.