Anesthesia is used to eliminate the pain felt during a procedure. For this procedure, the two most commonly used are spinal or general anesthesia.
With spinal anesthesia, your anesthesia provider will inject medicine into your lower back. This will cause you to feel numb, usually from the base of your rib cage down. To make the placement of the needle easier, you will be asked to either lay on your side curled up or to sit on the side of the table hunched forward. During the procedure, you will also receive medicine that makes you feel relaxed or sleepy. Although the spinal anesthesia will take away all sensation of pain, you might still feel some pressure and movement during the procedure.
The other option is general anesthesia. This type uses medication to put you into a deep sleep so that you do not feel any pain, pressure, or movement during the procedure.
In order to do this, you may first be asked to breathe through an oxygen mask. Then you will be given medications through your IV, which will cause you to feel pleasantly relaxed and slowly drift off to sleep. After you are in a deep sleep, a breathing tube will be placed into your windpipe to assist with your breathing throughout the operation. Throughout your procedure, your anesthesia care team will give you anesthesia and other medications as required through your IV and/or through your breathing tube.
You will talk to the anesthesia provider prior to the surgery and any questions or concerns you have regarding the effects of the anesthesia can be discussed at that time.