Despite the current sterile techniques used for all surgeries, infections are always a possibility following ankle surgery. The treatment options will vary depending on the location of the infection. Very minor infections, which occur in 5 out of 100 cases, can usually be easily treated with antibiotics. Major infections are more infrequent and often require a repeat of the surgery and removal of the hardware. In extreme cases, the infection could result in the amputation of the affected leg below the knee or at another location, wherever it is necessary to stop the infection.
If an infection does develop, your doctor will discuss the treatment options and expected outcomes with you.